Hypertension – Disease Overview 


Hypertension – Disease overview 

At future Genetics we want to engage with people and patients so that they can better understand diseases and illnesses that are relevant to them. The information provided here is for educational purposes only. Please always see your doctor for any concerns you may have.

My name is Alice and I am a research scientist. Today I am going to summarise hypertension.

High blood pressure can be thought of as a silent killer if left unchecked over a prolonged period, which can elevate your risk of serious events such as strokes and heart attack. One of the challenges of a person having high blood pressure is that in most cases its presence is nit identifiable by obvious symptoms. The statistics for high blood pressure are staggering where more than 25% which in simpler terms is one person in every four, have high blood pressure. Herein is the challenge, as I mentioned often high blood pressure is not associated with symptoms therefore many people may not even know they have a problem with high blood pressure.

An easy and effective way to check your health status with respect to blood pressure is regular measurements using a blood pressure machine.

Let’s understand what high blood pressure is.

Let’s measure my blood pressure 

Blood pressure is documented with two numbers as you can see on the machine, we see a number at the top and a number at the bottom. The number at the top really should be higher than the bottom number. This number at the top represents something that is called the systolic, which represents the force with which the heart pumps blood round the body. The other number, which should be lower [smile] is the resistance that acts on blood as it circulates round the body.

The unit of measure for blood pressure is mm of mercury which is written as mmHg.

Blood pressure varies between different people and is affected by a number of things such as a person underlying activity, age, and whether they have particular illnesses. Therefore, as a generalised guide high blood pressure may be described as a person having 140/90 mmHg or more. The range for an ideal blood pressure is suggested as being between 90/60 mmHg and 120/80 mmHg. Blood pressure readings below 90/60 mmHg is considered to be low blood pressure

A person can curtail developing high blood pressure by monitoring their blood pressure. Investigations have shown that individuals with blood pressure readings between 120/80 mmHg and 140/90 mmHg are at risk of developing high blood pressure if left unmanaged.