Dementia –  Disease overview


Dementia – Disease overview

At future genetics we want to engage with people and patients so that they can better understand diseases and illnesses that are relevant to them.

Motion provided here is for educational purposes only. Please always see your doctor for any concerns that you may have.

My name is Alice and I am a research scientist. Today I am going to summarise dementia. I’ll begin by giving you an overview of the disorder and then move on to talk about the symptoms and diagnosis, living with dementia, support, and where you can get help.

So, Let’s Begin. Some of the signs that the suggestive of dementia are when a person starts to become increasingly forgetful especially over 65 years. This said, memory loss can be associated other causes such as stress, tiredness, other illnesses, medicines that the person may be taking.

If forgetfulness is starting to affect a person’s daily life or sufficiently concerns someone who knows that person then the GP should be contacted.

Dementia is complex it may not just a fact memory. It  also affect how they speak, think, feel, or behave.

There needs to be clarity that dementia is very different to age-related memory loss and it is important for a Dr to be contacted if there is doubt.

Understanding Dementia

Dementia is classified syndrome that is associated with a reduction in the brains ability to function normally.

For your reference the word syndrome means symptoms that consistently occur together.

Dementia may be associated a number of problems, which include:

  1. Loss of memory.
  2. Ability to think quickly
  3. Mental sharpness and quickness is reduced.
  4. Difficulty in using language correctly.
  5. Difficulty understanding.
  6. Problems making decisions.
  7. Changes in mood.
  8. Ability to move well.
  9. reduced ability to carry out daily activities.

How many different things that cause the onset of dementia and sometimes there’s not clarity between dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.

A number of diseases at the umbrella dementia. These include Alzheimer’s disease which is a type of dementia as well as vascular dementia. These constitute the majority of dementia cases in the UK.

Signs that may suggest dementia is when the person that becomes uninterested or apathetic i.e. lacking interest, enthusiasm or concern in their daily activities. They may also find it difficult to control their emotions. People with dementia they also have softer personality affected. for example, they may struggle settings I may not want to engage socially.

Some patients with dementia start to it all here things which is described as hallucinations. Others ability to empathise so may no longer show understanding or compassion to others.

It is important to appreciate that a key aspect of dementia so people with dementia may have simply forgotten a previous event or situation. This may present itself in a situation where a third party May think that person being untruthful in recalling a previous event.

Dementia candida built debilitating disease because the person’s reduced mental ability makes it difficult for them to properly plan and organise there are affairs so this may impact on them maintaining their independence.

Someone with dementia will therefore need help and support from family and friends with their daily activities and also decision making.