COPD – Medication
COPD – Medication
When the inhalers fail to control symptoms of COPD the doctor may prescribe tablets or capsules in addition to the inhalers.
Theophylline tablets are taken twice daily, and the way they work is that they erlax the airways which allows them to widen. If a person takes Theophylline tablets they may have to undergo regular blood tests. In order to work out the most appropriate dose for the particular patient whilst at the same time trying the risk of side effects.
Some of the side effects associated with this treatment are:
- Nausea which is feeling sick or actually being sick
- Getting headaches
- Struggling to sleep which is referred to as insomnia
- The heart beating and fluttering in an irregular way which is called palpitations
COPD and mucolytic tablets
One of the characteristics of COPD is producing large amounts of thick phlegm. In these cases a doctor may prescribe a mucolytic medication called carbocisteine.
This type of medication means that this type of phlegm will be thinned so its easier to cough up.
Mucolytic tablets or capsules are usually prescribed to be taken a few times a day
COPD and steroid tablets
Steroid tablets may be prescribed as a short course to reduce the swelling of the air passage. Each course may last between 7 and 14 days. There are side effects associated with the use of steroids such as weight gain, changes in mood and weak bones which is known as osteoporosis
COPD and antibiotics
People with COPD have an increased risk of chest infections symptoms that may suggest an infection include coughing yellow or green phlegm, a raised body temperature a fast heart rate tightening of the chest and a person feeling confused or disorientated.
Antibiotics can therefore be used to treat these bacterial infections.