Obesity – Associated problems

Obesity – Associated health problems

PREVIOUS                 NEXT

Obesity – Associated health problems

serious health problems related to obesity.
Obesity increases the likelihood of developing serious health problems such as
1) Type 2 diabetes
2) Elevated/ high blood pressure
3) Increased blood cholesterol levels that contribute to a disease called atherosclerosis. The latter is associated with fatty deposits accumulating on the insides of arteries which itself can then lead to an increased risk of stroke, and in the case of arteries that feed the heart can result in coronary heart disease
4) Asthma, which is associated with episodes of a person finding it difficult to breath.
5) A number of different cancers that include bowel breast and womb cancer
6) Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) which can result in acid moving from the stomach into the oesophagus which results in heartburn and also damage to the lining of the oesophagus
7) Gall stones these form in the gallbladder as a result of excess cholesterol leading to the formation of small stones
8) The ability to conceive
9) Osteoarthritis, which is when a persons joints become painful and stiff
10) Sleep apnoea, which is when a person momentarily struggles to breath when sleeping some of the consequences of this is that a person has a disrupted sleep that leads to tiredness during the day as well as causing an increased risk of developing elevated blood pressure and heart disease
11) Development of certain types of liver and kidney disease
12) Complications during pregnancy which may include gestational diabetes or pre-eclampsia. Gestational diabetes results in high blood glucose levels during pregnancy that can present a risk to mother and baby. Pre-eclampsia is a risk to pregnant women particularly after 20 weeks+ or at the point of childbirth.
13) Depending on the level of obesity there is an impact on life expectancy where it can be reduced on average between 3-10 years. Data shows that being overweight or obese has contributed to at least 8% of deaths in Europe. 

The importance of perseverance

Just as it takes time to gain large amounts of weight, it also takes time to lose weight therefore perseverance to new eating habits and lifestyle changes requires perseverance and commitment the good news is that support structures available within the NHS to help people reach healthy body weights. If you need support please contact your GP for advice

Strategies such as being aware of your weight through regular monitoring and setting yourself weight loss goals that are realistic can be a useful way forward
The good news is that even small decreases in body weight for example 3% of your weight before you started to try and lose weight can make a significantly improvement to health outcomes in the form of reducing the likelihood of developing serious diseases such as diabetes and heart disease.